Tag Archives: EPF

FAQs – Employee Provident Fund

19 Nov

FAQ’s on Employee Provident Fund

Q1) What is the Contribution for Provident Fund both by the Employer & Employee ?
Ans : The Employee contributes 12% of his /her Basic Salary & the same amount is contributed by the Employer.
Q2) Is it Compulsory for the all the employees to contribute to the Provident Fund ?
Ans : Employees drawing basic salary upto Rs 6500/- have to compulsory contribute to the Provident fund and employees drawing above Rs 6501/- have an option to become member of the Provident Fund .
Q3) Is it beneficial for employees who draw salary above Rs 6501/- to become member of Provident Fund ?
Ans Yes because provident fund contribution by the employer & employee is not a taxable income for Income Tax purpose.

Q4) What if an employee while joining establishment has a basic salary of Rs 4200 and after some period of time his basic salary increases above Rs 6501/-, does he have an option to terminate his member ship form the Provident fund act?
Ans : Employee who while joining the organisation has a basic salary above Rs 6501/- have an option to either become or avoid becoming member of Provident fund but employees whose basic salary while joining the organisation is less then Rs 6501/- but after some period of time their basic increases above Rs 6501/- have to compulsorily continue to be member of provident Fund.

Q5) What is the contribution percentage to the Provident fund and Pension Scheme ?
Ans : Employers contribution of 12% of basic salary is totally deposited in provident fund account Whereas out of Employees contribution of 12% , 3.67% is contributed to Provident fund and 8.33% is deposited in Pension scheme.

Q6) Which form has to be filled while becoming member of provident fund ?
Ans : Nomination Form No 2 has to be filled to become a member of the Provident fund, form is available with HR department .

Q7 ) Which form has to be filled while transferring provident fund deposit ?
Ans : You just have to fill form no 13 to transfer your P.F amount.

Q8 ) What is the provision of the scheme in the matter of nomination by a member ?
Ans : Each member has to make a nomination to receive the amount standing to his credit in the fund in the event of his death. If he has a family, he has to nominate one or more person belonging to his family and none other. If he has no family he can nominate any person or persons of his choice but if he subsequently acquires family, such nomination becomes invalid and he will have to make a fresh nomination of one or more persons belonging to his family. You cannot make your brother your nominee as per the Acts.

Q9 ) When is an employee eligible to enjoy pension scheme ?
Ans : For an employee to become eligible for Pension fund, he has to complete membership of the Fund for 10 Years.

Q10 ) What does it mean by continuous service of ten years ?
Ans : When we say continuous service of 10 years in Employee Pension Fund, we mean to say that during services, for e.g., an employee who has worked with X company for say 3 years, then he resigned from that organisation and joined Y company, wherein he worked for 2 years, then resigned from there to join establishment for 5 years but during these 10 years of service he has not withdrawn but transferred his Employee pension fund, then we say continuous service of ten years.

Q11 ) When can an employee avail the benefit of Employee pension fund scheme which he has contributed during his ten years of continues service /
Ans : An employee can avail the benefit after completion of 58 years of service.

Q12 ) What happens to the provident fund & Employee Pension fund if an employee who wants to resign from the service before completion of ten years of continues service?
Ans : Employee can withdraw the PF accumulations by filling Forms 19 & 10 C which is available with the HR department.
Q13 ) What is this 19 & 10C form ?
Ans : Form No 19 is for Provident fund withdrawal & Form No. 10 C is for Pension scheme withdrawal.

Q14 ) Do we get any interest on the amount which is deposited in the Provident Fund account?
Ans : Compound interest as declared by the Govt. is given for
every year of service.

Q15 ) What is the accounting year for Provident fund account?
Ans : Accounting year is from March to February.

Q16 ) What are the benefits provided under Employee Provident Fund Scheme?
Ans : Two kinds of benefits are provided under the scheme-
a) Withdrawal benefit
b) Benefit of non -Refundable advances

Q18 ) What is the purpose of the Employee’s Pension Scheme ?
Ans : The purpose of the scheme is to provide for
1) Superannuation pension.
2) Retiring Pension.
3) Permanent Total disablement Pension
Superannuation Pension: Member who has rendered eligible service of 20 years and retires on attaining the age of 58 years.
Retirement Pension: member who has rendered eligible service of 20 years and retires or otherwise ceases to be in employment before attaining the age of 58 years.
Short service Pension: Member has to render eligible service of 10 years and more but less than 20 years.

Q19 ) How much time does it take to receive P.F & pension money if an employee resigns from the Service?
Ans : Normally the procedure for receiving P.F & Pension money is , the employee has to fill 19 & 10 c Form and submit the same to PF Desk , which is then submitted to the P.F office after two months, this two months is nothing but a waiting period as the rules are that an employee should not be in employment for two months after resigning if he has to withdraw his P.F amount. After completion of two months the form is submitted to the regional provident fund Commissioner office after which the employee receives his amount along with interest within a period of 90 days.

Q20 ) Do we receive money through postal order ?
Ans Previously there was a procedure wherein member use to get P.F through Postal order but now While submitting the P.F form withdrawal form you have to mention your saving Bank account No. & the complete address of the Bank where you hold the account.

Q21 ) How would I know the amount of accumulations in my PF account ?
Ans : PF office sends an annual statement through the employer which gives details about the PF accumulations. The statement contains details like, Opening balance, amount contributed during the year, withdrawal during the year, interest earned and the closing balance in the PF account. This statement is sent by the PF department on completion of the financial year.

Q22 ) Which establishments are covered by the Act ?
Ans : Any establishment which employs 20 or more employees. Except apprentice and casual laborers, every Employee including contract labour who is in receipt of basic salary up to Rs. 6500 p.m. is covered by the Act.

Q23 ) In case after registering the establishment at any point in time, the number of employees working in it becomes less than 20 then will the Act apply ?
Ans : Any establishment which has been covered under the Act once shall continue to be governed by the Act even if the number of persons employed therein at any time falls below 20.

Q24 ) Is the Act applicable to a factory which is closed down but is employing a few employees to look after the assets of the establishment ?
Ans : No, Where the establishment is closed down and only four security men are employed for keeping a watch over the assets and properties of the establishments, the Act would not be applicable.

Q25 ) Is a trainee an employee under the Act ?
Ans : Yes, a trainee would be considered as an employee as per the Act but in case the trainee is an apprentice under the Apprentice’s Act then he/ she will not be considered as an employee under this Act.

Q26) Is it possible to appeal the orders of the Central Government or the Central Provident Fund Commissioner ?
Ans : Yes, there is a body called as Provident Fund Appellate Tribunal where an employer can appeal.

Q27 ) Who is the authority to decide regarding the disputes if any ?
Ans : In case there is a dispute regarding the applicability of the Act or the quantum of money to be deducted etc. the authority to decide are the
i)Central Provident Fund Commissioner,
ii)any Additional Provident Fund Commissioner,
iii)any Additional Central Provident Fund Commissioner
iv)any Deputy Provident Fund Commissioner
v)any Regional Provident Fund Commissioner or
vi)any Assistant Provident Fund Commissioner

Q28 ) What in case there are workers involved as Contract labour ?
Ans : It is the responsibility of the Contractor to deduct the PF and submit a statement to the Principal Employer in the prescribed format by 7th of every month. The Company becomes the Principal Employer would be responsible for the PF deduction of the workers employed on contract basis.

Q29 ) Are the persons employed by or through a contractor covered under the Scheme ?
Ans : Persons employed by or through a contractor are included in the definition of ” employee ” under the Employee’s Provident Finds Act, 1952, and as such, they are covered under the Scheme.

Q30 ) In case the Contractor fails to deduct and submit the PF amount from the contract workers then what is to be done ?
Ans : The Company being the Principal employer is responsible for the PF to be deducted from the Contract workers as well. In case the Contractors fails to deduct and submit the PF dues then the Company has to pay the amount and can later on recover the amount from the Contractor.

Q31 ) Could the employer be punished in case the remittance of contribution by him is delayed in a Bank or post office ?
Ans : Employer cannot be punished or penalized in case there is a delay in the remittance of the contribution on account of delay in Bank or post office.
Q32 ) What happens in case there is a salary revision and a raise in the basic salary of the employee and arrears need to be paid, Do we need to deduct PF from the arrears as well ?
Ans : Arrears are considered to be emoluments earned by the employee and PF is to be deducted from such arrears.
Q33 ) Is it possible for an employee to contribute at a higher rate of interest than 12 % ?
Ans : Yes, if an employee desires to contribute an amount at a higher rate of interest than 12 % of basic salary then they can do so but it does not become obligatory for the employer to pay anything above than 12 %.This is called voluntary contribution and a Joint Declaration Form needs to be filled up where the employer and the employee both have to give a declaration as to the rate at which PF would be deducted.

Q34 ) What is the interest on the PF accumulations ?
Ans : Compound interest as declared by Central Govt. is paid on the amount standing to the credit of an employee as on 1st April every year.


Pinal Mehta

Provident Fund under The Employee’s Provident Funds Act ,1952

15 Nov

The Employees� Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, provides for compulsory contributory fund for the future of an employee after his retirement or for his dependents in case of his early death.

It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir and is applicable to:

  1. every factory engaged in any industry specified in Schedule 1 in which 20 or more persons are employed;

  2. every other establishment employing 20 or more persons or class of such establishments which the Central Govt. may notify;

  3. any other establishment so notified by the Central Government even if employing less than 20 persons.


Every employee, including the one employed through a contractor (but excluding an apprentice engaged under the Apprentices Act or under the standing orders of the establishment and casual laborers), who is in receipt of wages upto Rs. 6,500 p.m., shall be eligible for becoming a member of the funds.

The condition of three months� continuous service or 60 days of actual work, for membership of the scheme, has been done away with, w.e.f. 1.11.1990. Workers are now eligible for joining the scheme from the date of joining the service.


The Government has framed the Employees� Pension Scheme, 1995, w.e.f. 16.11.1995. The existing Employees� Family Pension Scheme has been merged under the new scheme.

The new scheme envisages providing monthly pension to employees on superannuation, pensioning to widows on death after superannuation, monthly pension for children of the subscribers, monthly pension to members on account of permanent total disablement during service, etc.

The new scheme shall be compulsory for all the existing members of the Family Pension Scheme and those who become members of the Employees� Provident Fund Scheme on or after 16.11.1995. Besides, the following employees shall have an option to join the new Scheme:

  1. Employees who ceased to be members of the Pension Fund between 1.4.1993 to 15.11.1995.

  2. Employees who are members of the Provident Fund as on 16.11.1995 and not members of the Pension Fund.

Members who have died between 1.4.1993 to 15.11.1995 shall be deemed to have exercised the option of joining the scheme on the date of the death.

Members referred in clause (a) shall exercise the option to become members of the scheme by returning the amount of withdrawal benefit received, if any, together with interest @ 8.5% p.a.

Employees referred in clause (b) shall be deemed to have joined the scheme w.e.f. 1.3.1971 on remittance of past period contribution with interest thereon.


Every member of the Employees� Pension Fund Scheme shall continue to remain the member till the earliest happening of any of the following events:

  1. he attains the age of 58 years; or

  2. he avails the withdrawal benefit to which he is entitled vide para 14 of the scheme; or

  3. he dies; or

  4. the pension is vested in him.

Every employer shall send to the Commissioner, within three months of the commencement of the scheme, a consolidated return of the employees entitled to become members of the new scheme.


The employer is required to contribute the following amounts towards Employees� Provident Fund and Pension Fund

  1. In case of establishments� employing less than 20 persons or a sick industrial (BIFR) company or �sick establishments� or any establishment in the jute, beedi, brick, coir or gaur gum industry. �10% of the basic wages, dearness allowance and retaining allowance, if any.

  2. In case of all other establishments� employing 20 or more person-12% of the wages, D.A., etc.

A part of the contribution is remitted to the Pension Fund and the remaining balance continues to remain in Provident Fund account.

Where, the pay of an employee exceeds RS. 6500 p.m., the contribution payable to Pension Fund shall be limited to the amount payable on his pay of RS. 6500 only, however, the employees may voluntarily opt for the employer�s share of contributions on wages beyond the limit of RS. 6500 to be credited to the Pension Fund.


The employer and majority of employees of an establishment may agree for the voluntary application of the provisions of the Act in relation to that establishment. For this purpose, an application to the Central Provident Fund Commissioner, has to be made, who may, by notification, extend the provisions of the Act to that establishment, w.e.f. the date of such agreement or any subsequent date specified in such agreement.

The employer is required to contribute the following amounts towards Employees� Provident Fund and Pension Fund

  1. Where the parties voluntarily get themselves covered by the Act, they are completely and fully governed by the Act. But their liability to make contribution is, in case of establishments� employing less than 20 persons or a sick industrial (BIFR) company or �sick establishments� or any establishment in the jute, beedi, brick, coir or gaur gum industry. �10% of the basic wages, dearness allowance and retaining allowance, if any.

  2. In case of all other establishments� employing 20 or more person-12% of the wages, D.A., etc.


If the employer defaults in making payment of any contribution, arrears, accumulations, administrative charges, to the Fund, he shall be liable to pay, by way of penalty, damages at the following rates:

Period of Default
Rate of Damages (%p.a.)
(i)  Less than 2 months
(ii)  2 months and above but less than 4 months

(iii)  4 months and above but less than 6 months

(iv)  6 months and above


In case, where a dispute arises regarding applicability of the Act, the Central Provident Fund Commissioner or any other officer (to whom the powers of determination have been delegated), may decide the dispute and determine the amount due from an employer, under the Act or the schemes framed thereunder. Before making any order the officer shall conduct such inquiry as he may deem necessary and shall allow a reasonable opportunity to the employer for representing his case.

Further, where an officer has reason to believe that an amount due from the employer has escaped determination, he may re-open the case within five years and re-determine the amount due from the employer.


The employer shall be liable to pay simple interest @ 12% p.a. on any amount due from him under the Act, from the date on which it becomes due till the date of its actual payment.


Any amount of contribution, damages, accumulations required to be transferred, or administrative charges, due from an employer, may be recovered from him in any of the following modes-

  1. attachment and sale of the movable or immovable property of the establishment/employer;
  2. arrest of the employer and his detention in prison;
  3. appointing a receiver for the management of the movable or immovable properties of the establishment/employer.

The Recovery Officer pursuant to a recovery certificate issued by the authorised officer specifying shall make the recovery the amount of arrears.


The authorised officer may grant time for the payment of the amount, and thereupon the Recovery Officer shall stay the proceedings until the expiry of the time so granted.


Besides, the modes aforesaid, the authorised officer may recover the amount by any of the following modes:

  • Recovery from any person of amount due from him to employee who is in arrears.
  • Application for release of money, to the Court in whose custody there is money belonging to the employer.
  • Recovery by distraint and sale of movable property.


    Any person aggrieved by an order of determination or re-determination may prefer an appeal to the PF Appellate Tribunal. He shall however, deposit 75% of the amount determined in the order being appealed against, before filing an appeal.

    The Appellate Tribunal may waive or reduce the amount to be deposited for admitting an appeal, after recording reasons for the same.


    Pinal Mehta

    Legal Tip – Food allowance not to be `basic wage’ for provident fund contributions

    15 Nov

    Food allowance not to be `basic wage’ for provident fund contributions

    Food allowance cannot be treated as cash value for food concession. Basic wage means all emoluments which are earned by an employee while on duty or on leave or on holidays with wages in either case in accordance with the terms of the contract of employment and which are paid or payable in cash to him, but does not include-

    (i)                The case value of any food concession

    (ii)             Any dearness allowance

    (iii)           Any presents made by the employer


    Pinal Mehta